Nuevos materiales cementantes basados en la activación alcalina de distintos subproductos industriales (escorias metalúrgicas, cenizas volantes y de biomasa) para una economía circular

Supervised by:
  1. Dolores Eliche Quesada Director
  2. Luis Pérez Villarejo Co-director

Defence university: Universidad de Jaén

Fecha de defensa: 18 July 2023

  1. María Martín Morales Chair
  2. Juan Salvador Bueno Rodríguez Secretary
  3. Pedro Manuel Gonçalvez Silva Romano Committee member

Type: Thesis

Teseo: 820140 DIALNET


The objective of this work is to use different precursors (clays, metallurgical slag, fly ash and biomass ash) for the manufacture of alkali activated cements using potassium silicate and potassium hydroxide as alkaline activator. The optimal activation conditions have been determined for each precursor. Subsequently, the influence of the incorporation of different proportions of waste has been studied to improve technological properties developed. In order to improve ductility and resistance to bending, composites were manufactured adding olive fibres as reinforcing material, studying different alkali treatments to optimize matrix-fibre adhesion. Finally, olive pomace fly ash was used as an alternative activator, in the search of cements with almost zero carbon footprint, made with 100 wt. % waste and/or industrial by-products. The results show the possibility of obtaining cementitious materials with technological properties that vary depending on the precursor or precursors used, which can be used for structural or masonry construction.