Study of the influence of storage conditions on the quality and migration levels of antimony in polyethylene terephthalate-bottled water

  1. Luis Payán
  2. Mª Teresa Poyatos Genovés
  3. Lucía Muñoz
  4. María Dolores La Rubia García
  5. Rafael Pacheco
  6. Natividad Ramos Martos
Food science and technology international = Ciencia y tecnología de alimentos internacional

ISSN: 1082-0132 1532-1738

Year of publication: 2017

Volume: 23

Issue: 4

Pages: 318-327

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1177/1082013217690300 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR

More publications in: Food science and technology international = Ciencia y tecnología de alimentos internacional


The main objectives of this study are to determine the presence of antimony in water stored in polyethylene terephthalate bottles and the influence of temperature and time over the migration levels. For this purpose, Sb determination was carried out in water at different experimental conditions: storage for one to three weeks at 25 to 80 ℃; long-term (six months) storage at room temperature between 16 and 24 ℃ and storage in car during summer which is a common consumer’s habit. In addition, water quality analysis was developed after different time–temperature storage conditions. All the samples at the end of their storage conditions were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The limit of detection and quantification were 0.50 and 0.80 µg/L, respectively. The results for the bottled water stored during six months indicated that the average Sb concentration was 0.332 ± 0.015 µg/L. This value is below the European maximum permissible migration level of 5 µg/L. With regard to the newly bottled water, no Sb was detected at the initial time for all temperatures studied. However, the Sb concentration in water increased with both time and temperature. The levels of Sb started exceeding the European limits when the samples were stored at 60 ℃ for two weeks.