School factors associated with perpetrators and victims of direct and indirect bullying among adolescents

  1. José Luis Antoñanzas Laborda 1
  2. Ester Ayllón Negrillo 1
  3. Nieves Moyano Muñoz 2
  4. Jacobo Cano de Escoriaza 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Zaragoza

    Universidad de Zaragoza

    Zaragoza, España


  2. 2 Universidad de Jaén

    Universidad de Jaén

    Jaén, España


Universitas psychologica

ISSN: 1657-9267

Year of publication: 2022

Volume: 21

Issue: 1

Type: Article

DOI: 10.11144/JAVERIANA.UPSY21.SFAP DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Universitas psychologica


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 0 (07-11-2023)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 0 (13-10-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 0 (04-12-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2022
  • Journal Impact Factor: 0.3
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 0.3
  • Article influence score: 0.145
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 144/147 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2022
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.189
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: Psychology (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 235/284
  • Area: Social Psychology Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 256/299


  • Social Sciences: B

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2022
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 1.1
  • Area: Psychology (all) Percentile: 23

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2022
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.1
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 197/215


(Data updated as of 04-12-2023)
  • Total citations: 0
  • Recent citations: 0


Adolescents’ social relationships evolve rapidly, and that evolution is not exempt from difficulties and challenges. Therefore it is essential to know which factors influence social relationships in both victims and perpetrators of bullying in order to pinpoint those factors that put adolescents at risk, and to design strategies of prevention and intervention against school violence. This study evaluated 5028 secondary education students aged 12-16 years old. A correlation was made among the variables of age, gender, school coexistence, and direct/indirect bullying of both the bully and the victim. In turn, a multiple regression analysis was performed to predict direct and/or indirect bullying on the part of the perpetrator and/or the victim. The results revealed the existence of significant relationships among those variables. We discuss these relationships and provide an intervention proposal to prevent aggressive behavior at schools. In our findings, the general quality of coexistence is optimal, since social integration is high. Another factor that contributes to this climate is the good perception that these students have in general of the management of bullying by their teachers. Several future research lines can be drawn.