De lo global a lo local: el rol de los sistemas solares fotovoltaicos descentralizados en la transición energética sostenibleun análisis aplicado a Chile y la región de Aysén

  1. Juan Carlos Osorio Aravena
Dirixida por:
  1. Emilio Muñoz Cerón Director

Universidade de defensa: Universidad de Jaén

Fecha de defensa: 07 de febreiro de 2022

Tribunal:
  1. Marina Frolova Ignatieva Presidente/a
  2. Julio Terrados Cepeda Secretario
  3. Jannik Haas Vogal

Tipo: Tese

Teseo: 775001 DIALNET

Resumo

The main objective of this doctoral thesis was to analyze, from a global and local approach, the role that decentralized solar photovoltaic systems (DSPVS) could play in the sustainable energy transition of Chile and the Aysén region. For this, transition scenarios were modelled toward a system 100% based on renewable energy. The results revealed that achieving this type of system in Chile by 2050 is technically feasible and economically viable and that this country can reach carbon neutrality by 2030. Depending on the territorial approach, by 2050, the DSPVS would produce between 27-52% of the electricity demand that would be mostly consumed in cities by the electricity, heat and transport sectors. In turn, decentralized photovoltaics would create 174,274 direct jobs in Chile during the transition period. All this would be achieved using less than 10% of the techno-economic potential of renewable energy available in this country.