Análisis de la marcha y la carrera en edades tempranas en relación al sexo y a la edad. Revisión narrativa.

  1. Pedro José Consuegra Fernández 1
  2. Juan A. Párraga Montilla 1
  3. Pedro Ángel Latorre Román 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Jaén (España)
EmásF: revista digital de educación física

ISSN: 1989-8304

Year of publication: 2023

Issue: 82

Pages: 10-30

Type: Article

More publications in: EmásF: revista digital de educación física


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(Indicator corresponding to the last year available on this portal, year 2022)
  • Year 2022
  • Journal Impact: 0.300
  • Field: EDUCACIÓN Quartile: C2 Rank in field: 109/232
  • Field: DEPORTE Quartile: C3 Rank in field: 22/43


  • Social Sciences: D


Running and walking are Basic Motor Skills (BMS), which are influenced by changes in motor development and neural control, especially in the preschool population. Objective: to analyze the literature and evaluate the evidence on HMB, taking into account the influence of sex and age at early ages. Methodology: We conducted a search in three databases: Web of Science, Scopus and Pubmed. A total of 14 studies related with the influence of sex and age (from 3 to 16 years old) on BMS were selected. Results: No differences by sex were observed. The BMS differ according to the barefoot or shoe condition. During the race, in barefoot condition there is a lower prevalence of rear foot strike (RS), with a decrease in children over 6 years old. There are differences in the prevalence of RA, increasing in older participants, regardless of their footfall condition. Children from 3 to 6 years old performed worse on the BMS compared to those older than 6 years old. Conclusion: BMS are conditioned mainly by age and sex. A significant increase in the prevalence of RS in relation to older children in walking and running has been evidence. Younger children perform a worse control over movements with poorer BMS performance. During the race, BMS are conditioned by the type of footwear or by the barefoot condition, with a lower prevalence of RS in barefoot

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