Explicando el activismo de los miembros de las organizaciones juveniles de los partidos políticos españoles. Entre la elección racional y los incentivos generales

  1. Alarcón González, Francisco Javier 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Jaén

    Universidad de Jaén

    Jaén, España

    ROR https://ror.org/0122p5f64

Revista de estudios políticos

ISSN: 0048-7694

Year of publication: 2021

Issue: 191

Pages: 287-321

Type: Article

DOI: 10.18042/CEPC/REP.191.10 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDialnet editor

More publications in: Revista de estudios políticos


This paper focuses on the determinants of political behaviour, in terms of political activism, among Spanish youth section party members. The determinants of political participation related to activism within three political forces are analysed. This work starts from rational choice theory, that takes into account the individual evaluations on the potential costs and benefits from activism, and this model is compared with the explanation of General Incentives Model proposed by Seyd and Whiteley (1992), which includes variables that are not compatible with the rational choice perspective. Data show that the general incentives model works relatively well in terms of explained variance. But at the same time, determinants of party activism such a process incentives, ideological incentives, social norm, and group political efficacy do not influence youth activism, with some exceptions across members of the different political organisations analysed. Youth party activism is driven by individual political efficacy and affective factors.

Bibliographic References

  • Alarcón, F. J. (2017). El perfil de los miembros de las organizaciones juveniles de los partidos políticos españoles. Revista Española de Ciencia Política, 45, 175-201. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.21308/recp.45.07.
  • Aldrich, J. H. (1993). Rational Choice and Turnout. American Journal of Political Science, 37 (1), 246-278. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.2307/2111531.
  • Bale, T., Webb, P. y Poletti, M. (2019). Participating Locally and Nationally: Explaining the Offline and Online Activism of British Party Members. Political Studies, 67 (3), 658-675.
  • Baras, M., Argelaguet, J., y Correa, P. (2010). Radiographie des militans des Partis Politiques en Espagne. Pôle Sud, 33, 65-82. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.3917/psud.033.0065.
  • Baras, M., Barberà, O., Barrio, A., Correa, P., y Rodríguez-Teruel, J. (2015). Party Membership in Spain and Congress delegates. En E. van Haute y A. Gauja (eds.). Party Members and Activists (pp. 17-33). Oxon: Routledge.
  • Bargel, L. y Dechezelles, S. (2009). L’engagement dans des partis politiques de droite. Revue française de science politique, 59 (1), 5-6. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.3917/rfsp.591.0005.
  • Bruter, M. y Harrison, S. (2009). The future of our Democracies: Young party member in Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230245426.
  • Campbell, B. A. (1980). A Theoretical Approach to Peer Influence in Adolescence Socialization. American Journal of Political Science, 24 (2), 324-344. Disponible en: https://doi. org/10.2307/2110868.
  • Clark, B. y Wilson, J. Q. (1961). Incentives systems: a theory of organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 6 (2), 129-166. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.2307/2390752.
  • Clarke, H. y Acock, A. C. (1989). National elections and political attitudes: The case of political efficacy. British Journal of Political Science, 19 (4), 551-562. Disponible en: https:// doi.org/10.1017/S0007123400005639.
  • Clarke, H., Price, R., Stewart, M. y Krause, R. (1978). Motivational Patterns and Differential Participation in a Canadian Party: The Ontario Liberals. American Journal of Political Science, 22 (1), 130-151. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.2307/2110672.
  • Cross, W. y Young, L. (2004). The contours of political party membership in Canada. Party Politics, 10 (4), 427-444. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1177/1354068804043907.
  • Cross, W. y Young, L. (2008). Activism Among Young Party Members: The Case of the Canadian Liberal Party. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 18 (3), 257-281. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1080/17457280802227660.
  • Downs, A. (1957). An Economic Theory of democracy. New York: Harper and Bros.
  • Espinoza, V. y Madrid, S. (2010). Trayectoria y eficacia policía de los militantes en juventudes políticas. Estudio de la élite política emergente. Chile: Andros.
  • Eulau, H., Buchanan, W., Ferguson, L. y Wahlke, J. (1959). The political Socialization of American State legislators. Midwest Journal of Political Science, 3 (2), 188-206. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.2307/2108909.
  • Gallagher, M. y Marsh, M. (2004). Party Membership in Ireland: The Members of Fine Gael. Party Politics, 10 (4), 407-425. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1177/1354068804043906.
  • Gallagher, M., Liston, V. Marsh, M. y Weeks, L. (2002). Explaining activism levels among Fine Gael members: a test of the general incentives model. Irish Political Studies, 17, 97-113. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1080/714003142.
  • Heidar, K. y Saglie, J. (2003). A Decline of Linkage? Intra-party Participation in Norway, 1991-2000. European Journal of Political Research, 42, 761-786. Disponible en: https:// doi.org/10.1111/1475-6765.00103.
  • Hooghe, M. y Dassonnneville, R. (2013). Voters and Candidates of the Future: The Intention of Electoral Participation among Adolescents in 22 European Countries. Young, Nordic Journal of Youth Research, 21 (1), 1-28. Disponible en: https://doi. org/10.1177/1103308812467664.
  • Hooghe, M., Stolle, D. y P. Stouthuysen (2004). Head Start in Politics: The recruitment function of youth organizations of political parties in Belgium (Flanders). Party Politics, 10 (2),193-212. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1177/1354068804040503.
  • May, J. (1973). Opinion Structure of Political Parties: The Special Law of curvilinear Disparity. Political Studies, 21 (2), 135-151. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.1973. tb01423.x.
  • Olson, M. (1965). The logic of Collective Action. Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Cambrigde: Havard University Press.
  • Panebianco, A. (1990). Modelos de partido, organización y poder en los partidos políticos. Madrid: Alianza.
  • Pattie, C., Seyd, P. y Whiteley, P. (2004). Citizenship, Democracy and Participation in Contemporary Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Disponible en: https://doi. org/10.1017/CBO9780511490811.
  • Pedersen, K., Bille, L., Buch, R., Elklit, J., Hansen, B. y Nielsen, H. J. (2004). Sleeping or Active Partners? Danish Party Members at the Turn of the Millennium. Party Politics, 10 (4), 367-384. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1177/1354068804043904.
  • Poletti, M., Paul Webb, P. y Bale, T. (2019). Why do only some people support parties actually join them? Evidence from Britain. West European Politics, 42 (1), 156-172. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2018.1479921.
  • Rainsford, E. (2018). UK Political Parties’ Youth Factions: A Glance at the Future of Political Parties. Parliamentary Affairs, 71 (4), 783-803. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1093/ pa/gsx040.
  • Scarrow, S. (2015). Beyond Party Members: Changing Approaches to Partisan Mobilization. New York: Oxford University Press. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661862.001.0001.
  • Scarrow, S. y Gezgor, B. (2010). Declining memberships, changing members? European political members in new era. Party Politics, 16 (6), 823-843. Disponible en: https://doi. org/10.1177/1354068809346078.
  • Seyd, P. y Whiteley, P. (1992). Labour’s grass roots. The politics of party membership. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Seyd, P. y Whiteley, P. (2002). New Labour’s Grassroots: The Transformation of the Labour Party Membership. Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1057/ 9780230599215.
  • Smith, P. (1970). Political Involvement: A Case Study of Urban Party Activists [tesis doctoral]. McMaster Univesity, Mimeo.
  • Van Biezen I., Mair, P. y Poguntke T. (2012). Going, going, …gone? The decline of party membership in contemporary Europe. European Journal of Political Research, 51 (1), 24-56. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.01995.x.
  • Van Haute, E. (2011). Who voices? Socialisation process and ideological profile of discontented party members. En E. Van Haute (ed.). Party Membership in Europe: Exploration into the anthills of party politics. Brussels: Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1177/1354068810395058.
  • Van Haute, E. (2015). Party membership in Belgium: form the cradle to the grave? En E. van Haute y A. Gauja (eds.). Party Members and Activists (p. 34). Oxon: Routledge.
  • Van Haute, E. y Gauja, A. (eds.) (2015). Party Members and Activists. Oxon: Routledge. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315722214.
  • Verba, S., Schlozman, K. L. y Brady, H. (1995). Voice and Equality. Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Weber, R. (2018). Why do young people join parties? The influence of individual resources on motivation. Party Politics, 26 (4), 496-509. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1177/ 1354068818792576.
  • Whiteley, P. y Seyd, P. (1996). Rationality and Party activism: encompassing test of alternative models of political participation. European Journal of Political Research, 29 (2), 339-371. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6765.1996.tb00649.x.
  • Whiteley, P. y Seyd, P. (2002). High intensity participation. The dynamics of Party activism in Britain. Ann Arbor: University Michigan. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.3998/ mpub.14704.
  • Whiteley, P. y Seyd, P. y Billinghurst, A. (2006). Third Force Politics: Liberal Democrats at the Grassroots. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1093/01 99242828.001.0001.
  • Whiteley, P. y Seyd, P. y Richardson, J. (1994a). True Blues: The Politics of Conservative Party Membership. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Whiteley, P. y Seyd, P. y Bissell P. (1994b). Explaining party activism: The case of the British Conservative Party. British Journal of Political Science, 24 (1), 79-94. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007123400006797.
  • Young, L. y Cross, W. (2002). Incentives to Membership in Canadian Political Parties. Political Research Quarterly, 55 (3), 547-569. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1177/10659129 0205500303.