¿Qué es un embrión? Panorama de algunas posiciones filosóficas

  1. Anne Fagot-Largeault
  2. Geneviève Delaisi de Parseval
  3. José Luis Solana
Journal:
Gazeta de antropología

ISSN: 0214-7564 2340-2792

Year of publication: 2013

Issue: 29

Type: Article

DOI: 10.30827/DIGIBUG.28508 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDIGIBUG editor

More publications in: Gazeta de antropología

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  • Dimensions Cited by: 0 (04-01-2024)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2013
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.1
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: Anthropology Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 299/345

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2013
  • Journal Impact: 0.150
  • Field: ANTROPOLOGÍA Quartile: C2 Rank in field: 6/32

CIRC

  • Social Sciences: B
  • Human Sciences: C

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2013
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 0.1
  • Area: Anthropology Percentile: 14

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(Data updated as of 04-01-2024)
  • Total citations: 0
  • Recent citations (2 years): 0

Abstract

The authors present the main ethical positions taken in the debate on the status of the embryo and the human foetus (Can the foetus or should it be granted the status of a person? Does a foetus have rights? Does the foetus deserve respect?). The debate has arisen in relation to issues such as abortion, in vitro fertilization techniques, and biomedical research and intervention. Three main ethical positions are distinguished, showing the difficulties and contradictions posed: vitalist position, according to which the human being is a person from the moment of conception; the relational position, which refers to a person-based status, dignity, and respect in autonomy and rationality; and pragmatic position, which leaves aside the reflection and discussion of the ontological status of the human embryo and foetus to focus on finding rational agreements on how to treat the embryo and the human foetus, considering the suffering that they may or may not cause. The authors conclude by pointing out a fourth possible position: ethics based on an ontology that refers to progressives stages of human embryonic development and therefore focuses on reflection and ethical decisions concerning the status of the embryo in individual thresholds and stages of embryonic development.

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