Valoración de un Programa de Entrenamiento en Estilo Explicativo Optimista y Habilidades de Comunicación en Adolescentes

  1. Molina Hernández, Juan 1
  2. García León, Ana 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Jaén

    Universidad de Jaén

    Jaén, España


Summa Psicológica UST

ISSN: 0718-0446

Year of publication: 2015

Issue Title: La Psicología Educacional: formación, desarrollo y actividad profesional

Volume: 12

Issue: 2

Pages: 95-106

Type: Article

DOI: 10.18774/SUMMA-VOL12.NUM2-253 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDialnet editor

More publications in: Summa Psicológica UST


Pessimistic explanatory style and difficulties in social interaction have been associated with an increase of depressive symptoms during adolescence. Some training programs, focused on the modification of one or both factors, have been proposed to decrease such symptoms. This study examines the efficacy of a training program focused on both optimistic explanatory style and communication skills for this population. Thirty-eight adolescents (19 males an 19 females) aged between 14 and 17 (M= 14.93; D.T.= 0.87) were randomly assigned to a treatment group (50%) or a control group (50%). The intervention program produced both a decrease of depressive symptoms (p<.001), and an increase of satisfaction with life (p<.001) and the interaction skills with other adolescents (p<.01). In addition, effects size differences between both groups (treatment and control group) increased at post-treatment compared to pre-treatment. In conclusion, this training program shows to be effective in reducing depressive symptoms in adolescents.

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